TOFEL 2 学校教育

Apr 17, 2017

It is commonly believed in United States that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The distinction between schooling and education impiled by this [remark] is important.

Education is much more [open-ended] and [all-inclusive] than schooling. Education knows no [bounds]. It can take place anywhere, whether in the shower or in the job, whether in a kitchen or on a [tractor]. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in schools and the whole universe of informal learning. The agents of education can range from a [revered] grandparent to the people debating politics on the radio, from a child to a distinguished scientist. A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions. People are engaged in education from [infancy] on. Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school, and one that should be an integral part of one’s entire life.

Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, [formalized] process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. [Throughout] a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams, and so on. The [slices] of really that are to be learned, whether they are the [alphabet] or an understanding of the working of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that there not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the [formalized] process of schooling.


remark: 话语,注意,观察,评论

open-ended: 广泛的,无限度的

all-inclusive: 包罗万象的

bounds: 界限

tractor: 拖拉机

revered: 崇敬,敬畏

infancy: 婴儿期

formalized: 正式的,具有一定形式的

throughout: 自始至终

slices: 部分

alphabet: 字母表


be engaged in: 从事于